B. a formal poem using extensive repetition
C. a favorite technique of John Donne
D. a type of complex sonnet A Villanelle is B a formal poem using extensive repetition. Check out "Do Not Go Gentle Into that Good Night" by Dylan Thomas for an example. Basically the poem is 19 lines long with three tercets and a quatrain. The rhyme scheme is aba. Source(s):
English AP According to Wikipedia, "The villanelle has no established meter, although most nineteenth-century villanelles had eight or six syllables per line and most twentieth-century villanelles have ten syllables per line. The essence of the form is its distinctive pattern of rhyme and repetition, with only two rhyme-sounds ("a" and "b") and two alternating refrains that resolve into a concluding couplet."
This means the correct answer is likely NOT "A", since it is not written in blank verse.
"The lines are grouped into five tercets and a concluding quatrain. Thus a Villanelle has 19 lines."
This means the correct answer is likely NOT "D", since sonnets traditionally have fourteen lines.
I believe that Donne preferred the sonnet form, so I would say that the correct answer is likely NOT "C".
Another source claims:
"It is useful to describe the villanelle as a form in which power resides in the interplay of constant (repeating) and variable elements.a major challenge of the villanelle: packing the second through fifth tercets with appropriately varied and dense material that 'balances' and justifies the repeated material." "On the relation of form to function, Jason asserts that 'the villanelle is often used, and properly used, to deal with one or another degree of obsession.' He takes this interpretation rather seriously..."
So I would say that "B" is likely the correct answer here. a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
where tercet means - a group of three lines rhyming together or connected by rhyme with the adjacent group or groups of three lines.
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