Imperialism has done more harm than good. Among the good things, it helped colonies build infrastructure and transportation e.g. the railway system; unify the people and arouse a spirit of nationalism; expose them to science and technology; learn a foreign language; understand complex political and economic system of the colonial rulers which might later help them in building their own institutions; get rid of their own obsolete value systems like Sati system in India.
On the other hand, some of the downsides are as follows:
Over-exploitation of the resources of the colony or country under occupation.
Loss of their culture and the weakening of their value system.
Feeling of inferiority stemming out of being under their thumb.
No independence or control over their own land.
Little or minimal representation in their own government.
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