Is NaCN, NH4NO3, or NH4Cl, acidic, basic, or neutral?



Answers:
NaCN-Sodium Cyanide-alkaline
NH4NO3-Ammonium nitrate-acidic
NH4Cl-Ammonium chloride-basic
Molecular formula NaCN
Molar mass 49.01 g/mol
Appearance white solid
CAS number [143-33-9]
Properties
Density and phase 1.6 g/cm3, solid
Solubility in water 48 g/100 ml (10°C)
Solubility in other solvents soluble in alcohols
Melting point 564°C (837 K)
Boiling point 1496°C (1769 K)
Structure
Coordination geometry ?
Crystal structure ?
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification Very toxic (T+)
Dangerous for
the environment (N)
R-phrases R26/27/28, R32
R50/53
S-phrases S1/2, S7, S28, S29
S45, S60, S61
Supplementary data page
Structure & properties n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic data Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Other cations Potassium cyanide
Related compounds Hydrogen cyanide
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Sodium cyanide is a highly toxic chemical compound, also known as sodium salt of Hydrocianic Acid.


General
Systematic name Ammonium nitrate
Molecular formula NH4NO3
Molar mass 80.04 g/mol
Appearance white solid
CAS number [6484-52-2]
Properties
Density and phase 1.73 g/cm3, solid
Solubility in water 119 g/100 ml (0 °C)
190 g/100 ml (20 °C)
286 g/100 ml (40 °C)
421 g/100 ml (60 °C)
630 g/100 ml (80 °C)
1024 g/100 ml (100 °C)
Melting point 169 °C
Boiling point approx. 210 °C decomp
Explosive velocity 5,270 m/s
Critical relative humidity 78% (0°C)
65% (20°C)
58.5% (30°C)
52.5% (40°C)
46.5% (50°C)
41% (60°C)
Nitrogen content 34.5%N
Structure
Coordination
geometry ?
Crystal structure trigonal
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification not listed
NFPA 704
023OX
RTECS number BR9050000
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic
data Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Other anions Ammonium nitrite
Ammonium perchlorate
Other cations Sodium nitrate
Potassium nitrate
Hydroxylammonium nitrate
Related compounds Nitrous oxide
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
The chemical compound ammonium nitrate.

NH4Cl
POISON! DANGER! CORROSIVE. MAY BE FATAL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. MIST AND VAPOR CAUSE BURNS TO EVERY AREA OF CONTACT.

J.T. Baker SAF-T-DATA(tm) Ratings (Provided here for your convenience)
------------------------------...
Health Rating: 3 - Severe (Poison)
Flammability Rating: 1 - Slight
Reactivity Rating: 2 - Moderate
Contact Rating: 3 - Severe (Corrosive)
Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES
Storage Color Code: White (Corrosive)

Hope this helps.

Source(s):

Wikipedia and Corosive Substances.



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