I hope I can help a little, these are my notes from a lecture early this year. I also found some links that may or may not help.
The social model of disability
The social model of disability is first & foremost about focussing on the environment & social barriers which exclude people with perceived impairments from mainstream society.
In 1970's the Union of physically impaired against segregation - redefined disability to
Impairment concerns the biological lacking part of or all of a limb, or having a defective limb or mechanism of the body - And disability is about the social, the disadvantage or restriction or activity caused by a contemporary social organization which takes no or little account of people who have physical impairment and this excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities.
Normalization of social role valorization
Emerged in the 1970's influence the process de-institutionalization. The aim was to give people with disabilities back their control of freedom. Institutions were seen as increasingly inappropriate
The underlying principle of normalization
Means that we act 'right' when making available to ALL persons with INTELLECTUAL & OTHER IMPAIRMENTS or DISABILITIES, patterns of life & conditions of every day which are close as possible to , or indeed the same as the regular circumstances and ways of life of their communities.
I think you will need to interpret the question:
ie, what is societies idea of disability. ( The socially accepted model)
As a disabled person, I find it to be the picture that we all know and love - - the wheelchair. I don't use a wheelchair, but my disability paperwork all depicts one.
Research will show you that everybody has some form of disability. These do not always show immediately. They are hidden things, like an intolerance to specifics in a diet (nuts)
Hope this has helped in a small way.
if you look at the opposite of the social model, you'd see the medical model. here all things can be solved by a correct diagnosis and treatment. if one treatment or pill doesn't work then perhaps another will.
if you used the social model of medicine you might thing of counseling a person with a mental health diagnosis. it certainly may help the person feel better about their situation, but it probably won't make the hallucinations go away or reduce the desire for the drug they are addicted to.
so if you apply the social model of treatment to a disability, you remove the medications and treatments as the primary "fix" to the disability and look at how accepting the person into society.
if you came across a person with mental retardation - of any amount - a straight medical approach might be medications to try to cure the problem. a social model might take the approach of trying to figure out a way for this individual to live as independently as possible, offer assistance to help the person with needed assistance, but accept the fact that the person might never be cured of the situation..and that is ok.. we need to accept people as people first.
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