what is sharecropping?

Sharecropping happened after the civil war during reconstruction. White landowners would let former slaves and poor white farmers farm their land, then the 2 would share the profits from the crops. SHARECROPPING [sharecropping] system of farm tenancy once common in some parts of the United States. In the United States the institution arose at the end of the Civil War out of the plantation system. Many planters had ample land but little money for wages. At the same time most of the former slaves were uneducated and impoverished. The solution was the sharecropping system, which continued the workers in the routine of cotton cultivation under rigid supervision. Economic features of the system were gradually extended to poor white farmers. The cropper brought to the farm only his own and his family's labor. Most other requirements—land, animals, equipment, and seed—were provided by the landlord, who generally also advanced credit to meet the living expenses of the cropper family. Most croppers worked under the close direction of the landlord, and he marketed the crop and kept accounts. Normally in return for their work they received a share (usually half) of the money realized. From this share was deducted the debt to the landlord. High interest charges, emphasis on production of a single cash crop, slipshod accounting, and chronic cropper irresponsibility were among the abuses of the system. Farm mechanization and a marked reduction in cotton acreage have virtually put an end to the system. A US agricultural practice by which short-term tenants (usually black) worked land for landlords (usually white) for a percentage of the crop raised. As much a means of labour and racial control as of economic production, sharecropping provided the economic basis of post-slavery white supremacy.

Also, used in later durring the dust bowl era. system of farming in which farmers work a parcel of land which they do not own in return for a portion of the parcel's crop production and/or a wage. The system occurred extensively in colonial Africa, Scotland, and Ireland and came into wide use in the United States during the Reconstruction era (1865-1876), and is used in many rural poor areas today, notably in India. This system has more than a passing similarity to feudal serfdom, and is distinguished from it by the fact that sharecroppers have the legal right to leave their land and to conduct their private lives as they see fit, and the fact that the landowner has no legal rights over them. Sharecropping is a farming system where the farmer doesn't own the land he is working on. He does the work for money or sometimes for a portion of the crops that are grown. Sharecropping exists outside of teh U.S., generally in underdeveloped economies. Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz researched the phenomenon in some sub-saharan countries and found that it was in place only because landlords couldn't effectively tell how much a peasant was earning from crops, and so in order to keep from getting underpaid, the landlord insisted on sharecropping, and in fact insisted on having all the crops turned over to him or her for open sale, of which a portion would be passed on to the peasant.

The problem is that under this system, there's no incentive to maximize production, because the more you produce, the more your hated landlord gets. A better system is to agree upon a rent price by auction. You must be studying history. I haven't heard this word for a while.

A sharecropper is an individual (and his family) that is rented a place to live and instead of paying money for it, he worked the farm and paid in what was harvested.

If I'm not mistaken,John Steinbeck wrote a masterpiece story called the _Grapes of Wrath_ that dealt with the plight of sharecroppers. hmmmm 5 questions on the civil war era is as many minutes. Someone must want others to do his homework for him. share cropping is when you sharecropps with some one else next to you

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