Why did scotland yard get its name if in London?

Question:scotland yard is in london, where did the name come from

Answers:
The name derives from the headquarters's original location on Great Scotland Yard, a street off Whitehall. The exact origins of this name are unknown, though a popular explanation is that it was the former site of the diplomatic mission of the Kingdom of Scotland, prior to the Union of England and Scotland. By the 17th century, the street had become the site of a number of government buildings, with the architects Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren living there. The poet John Milton lived there during the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell's rule, from 1649–1651.

... ... taken from Wikipedia..
It is said the location had been the site of a residence owned by the Kings of Scotland before the Union and used and occupied by them and/or their ambassadors when in London, and known as '"Scotland". The courtyard was later used by Sir Christopher Wren and known as "Scotland Yard".
Number 4 Whitehall Place backed onto a court called Great Scotland Yard, one of three streets incorporating the words "Scotland Yard" in its name. The street names are said to have derived from the land being owned by a man called Scott during the Middle Ages.
Scotland Yard (British Secret Service) was originally located on Great Scotland Yard in Whitehall, London.
The name derives from the headquarters's original location on Great Scotland Yard, a street off Whitehall. The exact origins of this name are unknown, though a popular explanation is that it was the former site of the diplomatic mission of the Kingdom of Scotland, prior to the Union of England and Scotland. By the 17th century, the street had become the site of a number of government buildings, with the architects Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren living there. The poet John Milton lived there during the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell's rule, from 1649–1651.

Scotland Yard was founded along with the Metropolitan Police by Sir Robert Peel, with the help of Francois-Eugene Vidocq. It opened for business as administrative headquarters of the Service on 29 September 1829, housing the two commissioners and their administrative staffs in a complex of about 50 rooms. It was not (and has never been) a police station in the usual sense, with each division of the police instead operating their own local stations.

The building's main entrance was at number 4 Whitehall, but a public office was installed at the rear of the building in Great Scotland Yard and so gave the building its name. The staff of Scotland Yard were responsible for internal security, public affairs, recruitment, correspondence and other administrative matters. Their duties grew steadily over time as the size of the Service increased.


New Scotland Yard: 1890 Victorian building (center), near Big Ben tower.In November 1890, Scotland Yard moved to a new site along the Victoria Embankment,[1] overlooking the River Thames, just south of the current Ministry of Defence. By this time, the Metropolitan Police had grown from its initial 1,000 officers to about 13,000, necessitating more administrative staff and a bigger headquarters. Further increases in the size and responsibilities of the force required even more administrators, and in 1907 and 1940, New Scotland Yard was extended further.

By the 1960s the requirements of modern technology and further increases in the size of the force meant that it had outgrown its Victoria Embankment headquarters. In 1967, New Scotland Yard moved to the present building at 10 Broadway, which was an existing office block acquired under a long-term lease. The name transferred with it and the first New Scotland Yard is now called the Norman Shaw (North) building. Part of it is used as a police Territorial Support Group station[1].

The original Scotland Yard was taken over by the British Army after the police moved out. Rebuilt, it became an Army recruiting office and Royal Military Police headquarters, complete with cells in the basement. It was bombed by the Provisional IRA in 1973, killing one person. It subsequently became the Ministry of Defence Library, a role which it retained until 2004. Today, the only surviving element of the original Scotland Yard is a Metropolitan Police stables next door at 7 Great Scotland Yard.

Scotland Yard's crime database is called Home Office Large Major Enquiry System and the acronym is HOLMES. As well, the training program is called "Elementary" in honour of the great fictional detective Sherlock Holmes.

Scotland Yard's telephone number was originally Whitehall 1212. The majority of London area police stations, as well as Scotland Yard itself, still have 1212 as their last four digits.
On a recent visit to the new police headquarters, we were told that the original name of Scotland Yard (the area) was derived from the fact that it was a general gathering place for many Scotsmen who were down here in London and craved the company of their fellow kinsmen. Due to the fact there were so may of them congregated in one place, the name stuck and that was how it got it's name. Later, the Metropolitan Police HQ was sited there and it too was known by it's address rather than it's official name.

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