The Emancipation Proclamation was passed by President Lincoln, president fo the United States, during the Civil War. It stated that all slaves in states that were in rebellion were freed (ie, slaves in the conferate States( Because the Confederate states were in rebellion (the southern states), they didn't listen to president Lincoln. This would be the the same as president Bush telling Europe to pay him taxes, it wouldn't do anything.
In middle school, children are taught that the Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves when, in fact, it didn't free any slaves.
It did, however, have some concequences and it wasn't a pointless piece of paper (Lincoln knew what he was doing)
1. It changed the purpose of the war. Before the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, the war was about getting the Southern States to rejoin the Union. After the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, the war became focused arounds the issue of slavery.
2. It allowed President Lincoln to allow run-away slaves to join the military and fight against the south. Before the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, there were many run-away slaves in the north. Lincoln couldn't send them back to the South because he knew they would be beaten and/or killed. He also couldn't keep them in the North because they were not legally free. Many African Americans tried to enter the military to fight against the South during the Civil War, but Lincoln could not allow them to fight because there was no law saying they were free. After the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, all African Americans in the north were free and, therefore, Lincoln could allow them to fight in the war.
The Emancipation freed the slaves.
The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in an area that was contesting governance by the Federal Government.
In other words, it freed slaves where it had the weakest authority to do so.
The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the Confederate States.
The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, which declared the freedom of all slaves in such territory of the Confederate States of America as did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863.
It was widely attacked at the time as freeing only the slaves over which the Union had no power, but in practice, it committed the Union to a war to end slavery, which was controversial in the North. It was not a law, but a presidential order.
The proclamation did not free any slaves in the border states (Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia), nor any southern territory already under Union control. It first affected only those slaves that had already escaped to the Union side, but as the Union armies conquered the Confederacy, thousands of slaves were freed each day until nearly all (estimated at 4 million) were free by July of 1865.
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The Emancipation Proclomation was supposed to free Southern slaves, but they weren't part of the US at the time, so it didn't do anything at first. However, after the war, the conquered territories were expected to accept the proclamation and the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments in order to be allowed back into the Union.
The Emancipation Proclamation was nothing but a war strategy by Abraham Lincoln. People think it was to abolish slavery but that wasn't the reason behind just like the civil war was an economic war not a war to stop free the slave. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued during the civil war.
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