Antithesis is simply the opposite. It does not conflict with itself. In rhetoric, it is a particular construction, a contrast of ideas or words framed in a balanced or parallel construction. Wikipedia defines it as a counter-proposition and denotes a direct contrast to the original proposition. In setting the opposite, an individual brings out of a contrast in the meaning (eg., the definition, interpretation, or semantics) by an obvious contrast in the expression.
*Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue. Barry Goldwater
*Brutus: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar
In fiction, it can also be a character who is the opposite of the type you would expect.
*In many ways, the academic Indiana Jones is the antithesis of a hero.
Paradox is something that is true but seems to be untrue. It's one of those truths that defies intuition, something you could puzzle on for days at a time but not really resolve. a situation is created which cannot possibly exist, because different elements of it cancel each other out.
This is the sample of a logical paradox:
A man says that he is lying; is what he says true or false?
This is a literary paradox:
*What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young. George Bernard Shaw
Deep down he's very shallow.
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” (Tale of Two Cities)
Paradox ~A statement that seems contradictory or absurd but is actually valid or true.
"We must sometimes be cruel to be kind..."
"By doing nothing, I have achieved much..."
Antithesis ~The placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas.
“Give me liberty or give me death.”
"Listen, young men, to an old man to whom old men were glad to listen when he was young."
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