ok lets do jou and jij first. and lets throw in jouw aswell.
jou is posesive and jij is the subject of a sentance. jouw is also possessive, but used infront of nouns.
- jij means you
-and jou means yours
-jouw means your
die tas is van jou = that bag is yours.
dat is jouw tas = that is your bag
jij bent eigenaar van die tas = you own that bag.
je is a slang and can be used to replace either jij or jouw in any sentance. it will usually sound less polite.
je tas = your bag
je bent = you are
uw is the same as jouw, but a much more respectful form. you use this to strangers and older people.
u = jij, but more polite
u = jou, but more polite
uw= jouw but more polite.
The words you are asking about are considered personal pronouns based on person and used in differing forms of dialect or politeness.
The 2nd person pronouns have different degrees of politeness, depending on dialect:
in the Netherlands: jij (je) and jullie is informal and u is polite, while gij (ge), is only used in very formal or poetic contexts (for instance when addressing God in prayers).
in Belgium: jij (je) is also informal but in spoken language, the older gij (ge) is used as well, just like in the South of the Netherlands, and u is polite. Note that "gij" has "u" and "uw" as respectively object and possessive forms.
For more info, see the link below.
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