here r 70:
Unable to find a complete list of English prepositions on the net, I have set out to create one.
I believe I have a pretty complete list now.
I do not include phrases of more than one word (like "in front of"), nor do I include gerunds ("ing" forms of verbs, like "including").
about above across after against along
alongside amid amidst among amongst around
at as before behind below beneath
beside besides between betwixt beyond by
despite down during except for from
in inside into like near nearby
of off on onto out outside
over past since through throughout till
to toward towards under underneath until
up upon upside* with within without
but (meaning "except") doesn't seem to cut it on its own. It seems to need to be preceded by "all ..." or "everything ..." to have this meaning.
like (meaning "similar to") and as (meaning "in the capacity of") are included above as prepositions like the rest, but one must be careful with them, since they often look like prepositions when in fact they are not doing the quite the same thing as prepositions. Or are they?
Here is a simple "preposition test":
If you are wondering whether a word is a preposition, try putting it in the following sentence. If it makes sense, you probably have a preposition.
We need to get the stuff _____ the tubes.
Prepositions are interesting to me because they seem to be the least well developed part of any language. (In other languages they may appear as postpositions, suffixes, prefixes, etc., and/or may be called some unenlightening term like "particle".) There are only a small number of them in any language, so each one (as well as various combinations) gets overloaded with numerous meanings, often influenced or determined by the specific verb used. They are some of the most basic, essential words of any language, yet it is practically impossible for non-native speakers to learn to consistently use them as a native speaker would.
Interestingly, almost all prepositions have a locational or temporal meaning.
This is not quite 53 but I see others have helped.
Prepositions Showing Location
above Example: Ontario is located above Lake Ontario.
below Example: The floor is below us.
over Example: The plane flew over the airport.
under Example: Polar bears can swim under water
among Example: We are among friends.
between Example: I am sitting between my brother and sister.
beside Example: I am sitting beside my brother.
in front of Example: I am sitting in front of my sister.
behind Example: I am sitting behind my brother.
next to Example: I am sitting next to my sister.
with Example: I am sitting with my brother.
in the middle of Example: Winnipeg is located in the middle of the country.
on Example: I will go on an airplane.
in Example: Most of Canada's manufacturing is located in Ontario and Quebec.
at Example: The book is at the library.
Prepositions Showing Time
at Example: I arrived at six o' clock.
I slept at night.
on Example: I arrive on Thursday.
by Example: I will arrive by six o'clock.
before Example: I will arrive before six o'clock.
from Example: I will be here from Thursday to Friday.
since Example: I have been here since Thursday.
for Example: I am here for two days.
during Example: I will be here during Thursday and Friday.
to Example: I will be here from Thursday to Friday.
until Example: I will be here until Friday.
after Example: I will leave after Friday.
Prepositions Showing Action and Movement
at Example: I will arrive at the airport.
by Example: I arrive by airplane.
from Example: I will arrive from Toronto.
into Example: I will go into the airplane.
on Example: I will go on an airplane.
onto Example: The cat climbed onto the roof.
off Example: I will get off the airplane.
out of Example: I will get out of the airplane.
these are all i know
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